What does ‘Safety’ mean?

03/01 Safety is a very important consideration in any organization which means a state of being protected against any kind of damage. It can further be categorized as: General Safety is a multi-disciplinary approach to developing and ensuring compliance with regulatory agencies, safe working practices, and maintaining the health and well-being of those employed in a particular occupation or workplace. Specific Safety is an approach towards ensuring compliance towards specific equipment. At any workplace, safety is the responsibility of both employer and its employee. The employer is responsible for ensuring that employees are properly trained and equipped and that they follow the standard safety practices established by the business. The employee is responsible for following safety practices that protect themselves and fellow workers.     The post ID for this chapter is 2677. For any suggestion or comment regarding the content, you may write to us at faqs[dot]solar[at]gmail[dot]com. Please quote the post ID in the subject, for better assistance.

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What are the four stage Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) of ISO 45001? Why is it important to understand and implement it?

The four stage Plan-D0-Check-Act (PDCA) is a four-step process that is continuous practice undertaken for the improvement of the organization.  This is a systematic approach towards finding workable solutions, result assessment and implementing the required changes which was found during the assessment.   Plan: plan the objectives of OH&S and processes after understanding organizational goals which includes OH&S risk and opportunities. Do: implement the processes as planned to include worker participation, hazard identification and emergency preparedness Check: monitor, measure and evaluate OH&S activities and processes Act: take actions by including findings of incidents, addressing non-conformance and audit findings Let us work out PDCA for the following scenarios: Scenario 1: You are a local distributor of PV cells. The total number of employees in the organization is 50. What would be your PDCA to ensure efficient and safe distribution of the PV cells to your clients? Please create your PDCA cycle for Scenario 1 Scenario 2: You are a manufacturer of the components of PV panels. The total number of employees in the organization is 300. How would you plan your PDCA for the production process of the components? Please create your PDCA cycle for Scenario 2   The post ID for this chapter is 2844. For any suggestion or comment regarding the content, you may write to us at faqs[dot]solar[at]gmail[dot]com. Please quote the post ID in the subject, for better assistance.

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What is the meaning of safety regulation and why is it important?

Just like there are safety instructions and regulations when driving a car or riding a bike, there are industry approved safety regulations that every organization has to adhere to in order to safeguard their facilities and employees. The safety regulations can be defined as official standards of safety compliance that are to be followed which can also be enforced legally. For every industry, the guidelines to safety compliance are updated regularly, so organizations require to keep themselves abreast with the latest updates. In 2019, the Director General Central Public Works Department, India published a handbook, “Safety, Health and Environment Handbook” with the recommended construction safety measures.  It is expected that engineers and contractors study the handbook and implement the safety measures in their respective organizations at the construction sites. The adherence to the measures will ensure that the number of occupational hazards are minimized or even completely eliminated. As for the individuals engaged in the power industry (DISCOMs), the safety regulations standardized by the Central Electricity Authority in 2010 along with the amendments are to be followed.   The post ID for this chapter is 2847. For any suggestion or comment regarding the content, you may write to us at faqs[dot]solar[at]gmail[dot]com. Please quote the post ID in the subject, for better assistance.

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Why is the Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996 relevant to DISCOMs?

As much as the Building and Other Construction Workers Act, 1996 is important for the professionals of the construction industry, it has the same amount of relevance for the professionals working in the power industry. For example, if there is an installation of a rooftop PV, the installers must be well aware of the types of terrace, the life and quality of them, etc. to decide whether the installation is even possible; eventually if they go ahead with that, they would require to know all the construction requirements and the safety standards that are to be followed by the workers.   The post ID for this chapter is 2844. For any suggestion or comment regarding the content, you may write to us at faqs[dot]solar[at]gmail[dot]com. Please quote the post ID in the subject, for better assistance.

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What is ISO 45001 standard?

ISO 45001 can be applicable to all organizations, regardless of size, industry or nature of business – but for small organizations implementation of standardized organizational procedures focused on safety and health can be too sophisticated and expensive. ISO 45000s are designed to be integrated into an organization’s existing management processes and follow the same high-level structure as other ISO management system standards, such as ISO 9001 (quality management) and ISO 14001 (environmental management). ISO 45001 enables organizations to put in place an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system. This will help them manage their OH&S risks, and improve their OH&S performance by developing and implementing effective policies and objectives. Key potential benefits from use of the standard include: Reduction of workplace incidents Reduced absenteeism and staff turnover, leading to increased productivity Reduced cost of insurance premiums Creation of a health and safety culture, whereby employees are encouraged to take an active role in their own OH&S Reinforced leadership commitment to proactively improve OH&S performance Ability to meet legal and regulatory requirements Enhanced reputation Improved staff morale Developed under the ISO system, with the input of experts from more than 70 countries, it provides an international framework that takes into account the interaction between an organization and its business environment.  ISO 45001 adopts a risk-based approach that ensures it is effective and undergoes continual improvement to meet an organization’s ever-changing context. ISO 45001 was developed with consideration of other related standards, such as OHSAS 18001, Occupational health and safety management, […]

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How to ensure that implementation is done according to the industry standards?

The universally accepted benchmark for industry standard is the ISO certification. “ISO standards are internationally agreed by experts. They can be considered as a formula that describes the best way of doing something. It could be about making a product, managing a process, delivering a service or supplying materials – standards cover a huge range of activities.” The implementation according to ISO standards will ensure that safe practice is being followed by an organization. However, this implementation is possible in an organization which has a structured management; implementing the standards in a smaller organization may prove to be challenging due to the cost involved for a certification and the structure of the organization. Implementation of ISO standards (IS0 14001, ISO 45000) is not obligatory (especially for small organizations), as they can design and set up a guide for safety standards implementation within the company; it is advisable to implement ISO approach when it is applicable.   The post ID for this chapter is 2849. For any suggestion or comment regarding the content, you may write to us at faqs[dot]solar[at]gmail[dot]com. Please quote the post ID in the subject, for better assistance.

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Does India have specific regulations on employment regulations for building and construction workers of the construction industry?

The reports and statistics prove that every year about 48000 workers of the construction industry succumb to the injuries caused in the workplace. The occupational hazard of this industry or any other industry has not been eliminated due to the lack of trained professionals in the field of safety and compliance and also educated and trained workers. Owing to the gap between the employers’ responsibility and the absence of trained professionals, the responsibility of safety measures lies largely with the employees / workers; although legally, employers / contractors are still responsible for providing proper safety measures. India has its own set of regulations that governs the construction industry. The Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act in 1996 and the Central Rules. Very often even basic safety, health and environment (SHE) rules are not obeyed, and safety is jeopardized due to “cost and risk optimization”. The regulations are an exhaustive set of mandatory rules and it broadly covers the following aspects: the advisory committees and expert committees: the different committees that are to be constituted registration of establishments: requirements and process related to registration of establishments registration of building workers as beneficiaries: addition or removal of workers among others building and other construction workers’ welfare boards: constitution of the boards, meetings, functionaries, grants, and loans, etc. hours of work, welfare measures and other conditions of service of building workers: wages, work hours, work conditions and various facilities safety and health measures: forming health and […]

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What is an electrical earthing protection?

Earthing is the method of transmitting instant electricity discharge directly to the ground through low resistance wires or electrical cables. It is basically a system designed to protect electrical wires and components from damage caused by sudden electrical power surges. Earthing systems also prevent personnel from electrical shocks in the event of a short circuit. Regardless of system voltage, earthing is required on all solar PV power plants. Its main purpose is to reduce the risk of dangerous electrical shocks to the installer or the user from uninsulated metal parts of a plant. There are two common types of earthing done in solar PV power plants: Equipment earthing – The basic objective of equipment earthing is human safety by preventing the surge of current to an unsafe level. In this metallic body of equipment / devices is connected to the grounding grid to prevent electric shocks to any personnel touching that equipment or device. System earthing – The system earthing is also referred to as neutral earthing. Under this, neutral of the electrical system is directly connected to the earth. Earthing in a solar PV power plant  A rooftop solar power plant earthing is usually divided into two parts based on its electrical construction, AC side and DC side. DC Earthing – These parts cover the equipment in the DC side of the electrical circuit, such as PV modules, module mounting structures, DC junction box, DC Monitoring Box (if any), etc. AC Earthing – These parts cover the equipment in […]

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What is anti-islanding protection?

Anti-islanding protection is a way for the grid-connected solar inverter to sense when there is a problem with the utility grid, such as a power outage, and shut itself down to stop feeding solar power to the grid. Anti-islanding protection is a mandatory required safety feature that is built into all grid-tied and hybrid inverters that operate in India and various other counties across the globe including US, Germany, etc. This protection feature is required because in case of power failure or outage the utility needs the power lines to be completely safe for maintenance. Some of the regulatory requirements in India for anti-islanding are as follows: according to IEEE 1547 and  Central Electricity Authority of India (technical standards for connectivity of the distributed generation resources) Regulation 2013 – for an unintentional island the grid-tied inverter shall detect the island and cease to energize within two seconds of the formation of an island. according to IEEE 1547 the grid-connected rooftop solar system shall include an adjustable delay (or a fixed delay of five minutes) that may delay reconnection for up to five minutes after the grid voltage and frequency is restored. As per Central Electricity Authority of India Regulation, 2013 the delay shall be for at least 60 seconds.   The post ID for this chapter is 2741. For any suggestion or comment regarding the content, you may write to us at faqs[dot]solar[at]gmail[dot]com. Please quote the post ID in the subject, for better assistance.

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What are chemical hazards?

A chemical hazard is a type of occupational hazard caused by exposure to chemicals in the workplace. Chemical hazards and toxic substances pose a wide range of health hazards such as irritation, sensitization and burns. In order to ensure chemical safety in the workplace, information about the identities and hazards of the chemicals must be available and understandable to workers. Some commonly used workplace chemical hazards include: acids caustic substances cleaning products such as toilet cleaners, disinfectants, mildew remover and chlorine bleach heavy metals, including mercury, lead, cadmium, and aluminium paint pesticides petroleum products solvents photocopier toner, etc. Example: The most common example is the lead-acid batteries which are very common and are also installed in off grid or hybrid solar power plants. Batteries are safe, but caution is necessary when touching damaged cells and when handling lead-acid systems that have access to lead and sulfuric acid. The sulfuric acid in a lead-acid battery is highly corrosive and is more harmful than acids used in most other battery systems. It can cause serious burns and if comes in contact with the eye can cause permanent blindness. Prevention when installing a lead-acid battery: install battery in well-ventilated area keep flames and equipment that create spark away from the battery cover the battery terminal make sure connections are tight and secure use personal protective equipment as per safety regulations.   The post ID for this chapter is 2723. For any suggestion or comment regarding the content, you may write to us at faqs[dot]solar[at]gmail[dot]com. Please quote the post ID in the […]

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