Solar panels react differently to the operating temperature. The efficiency of a solar panel decreases as it increases above the ambient temperature. Each solar panel has a temperature coefficient (which is defined in datasheet of panels). The temperature coefficient represents the rate at which the panel will underperform at each increase in degree Celsius (°C). Most panels have a temperature coefficient of between -0.2% /°C to -0.5%/°C, when tested under standard laboratory conditions, where ambient temperature is set to 25°C. For example if the temperature coefficient of a particular type of panel is -0.5%, then for every 10C rise, the panel’s output power will reduce by 0.5%. [Source: Youtube] [Publisher: altE Store’s Educational Video Channel]
Hot Dip Galvanizing is the process of applying a zinc coating to fabricated iron structure by immersing the structure in a bath consisting primarily of molten zinc. The galvanizing prevents the corrosion of the iron structure by providing a tough metallic zinc envelope, which completely covers the surface of the structure and seals it from the corrosive action of its environment. Hot-dip galvanizing involves three main steps: Preparation: The galvanizing reaction can only occur on a chemically clean surface, so the first step of the process involves removing any contamination on surface of the iron structure. Galvanizing: The clean iron structure is dipped into the molten zinc, and held there until the temperature of the iron quilibrates with that of the bath. The structure is then pulled-out & allowed to cool. Inspection: After galvanizing, the coated materials are inspected for coating thickness, uniformity and coating appearance. It is advisable to have galvanization post-fabrication of the structure in order to avoid any damage to the galvanized layer. The thickness of galvanization varies from 40 -150 micros depending on the local site conditions and requirements.
In India, the local utility company/DISCOM is responsible to establish net-metering for grid connected rooftop solar plants. The local utility company or the DISCOM first reviews the application for net-metering and requisite project related documents submitted by the consumer or the installer of the solar plant and provides approval, if the project is feasible based on the capacity of local distribution transformer & the design documents, components etc. of the system are inline with their requirements. Once that the project is approved & the plant is installed, the Net-Meter is installed by the local utility company/DISCOM.
The performance of the solar panel is affected by its tilt angle and orientation with respect to the horizontal plane. Orienting the solar panel in a direction and tilt to maximize its exposure to direct sunlight can ensure a better generation. The solar panel collects solar radiation most efficiently when the sun’s rays are perpendicular to the panel’s surface. Solar panels should always face south if the plant is in the northern hemisphere, or north if the plant is in the southern hemisphere & the tilt of the solar panels should be proportionate to the latitude of the plant site to optimize their power generation throughout the year. The installer of the plant analyses the optimum tilt & orientation before installing the solar plant. [Source: Youtube] [Publisher: altE Store’s Educational Video Channel]